Carpentry includes measuring, cutting, and installing components of a residence or commercial building including floor, stair, and wall and roof systems. It can also include windows and doors, roofing materials, interior and external finishing components, and precision items like trim and moulding. A carpenter may also be asked to construct forms for concrete, wall and roof systems of the structures, and construct/install sidings, shutters, roofing materials, as well as out-buildings such as garages, sheds, gazebos, pergolas, and play houses.

Every step in the carpentry process matters. A carpenter must work safely and tidily, have stamina, demonstrate exceptional planning and organisation skills, concentrate and pay detailed attention to achieve an excellent finish.

Often, a carpenter works as an apprentice mastering use of tools; doing rough and finish carpentry work; learning how intricate jobs are completed; and appreciating the importance of accuracy.