Autobody repairers have a challenge familiar to many of us: to return a vehicle damaged by collision to a condition of operation, safety and appearance as close as possible to its pre-collision state. At the same time, the repaired vehicle must conform to stringent set of specifications laid down by the vehicle manufacturer.

An autobody repairer needs to be familiar with mechanical components and their function as well as with the specific and often complex safety restraint systems fitted to modern vehicles. They will diagnose the direction and extent of misalignment and damage to the car body, parts, and systems.

Then, working with a variety of specialized tools and minimum disruption to the vehicle, the repairer removes damaged elements, and then will re-attach/re-align panels to reinstate the integrity of the body shell. These panels may be welded, bolted, or riveted. Work is complete when the vehicle is in a condition ready for refinishing by a car painter.